Navigating the Misinformation Landscape: Strategies for Media Literacy

How to Spot and Combat Disinformation in the Digital Age

Kevin Buddaeus
9 min readApr 21, 2023
A man with a hooded jacket walking away from the camera. He is wearing a backpack, on which a Guy Fawkes mask hangs, looking directly at the camera.
Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash

Growing up, I always believed that eating carrots would improve my eyesight. My mother, like many others, would repeat this common belief without questioning it.

It wasn’t until much later that I discovered the truth behind this supposed fact: it was part of a disinformation campaign during World War II to mislead the enemy about British pilots’ improved accuracy, after they developed radar technology. And it persisted long after the war in form of a simple piece of misinformation.

While this may seem like a harmless example, it perfectly illustrates the power and impact of disinformation and misinformation. Back then, I had no alternative sources to fact-check this claim. Google didn‘t exist. I took my mother’s word for it. And when you are bombarded with real, similar facts like milk being good for your bones due to the calcium, improving your eyesight with carrots didn’t seem too far-fetched.

In today’s digital age, we face not only misinformation but also deliberate disinformation campaigns that can have far-reaching consequences, from swaying political opinions to spreading dangerous health misinformation.



Kevin Buddaeus

Follow me on this long journey to grow and learn together. We can make the world a better place. Connect with me via Twitter: @KBuddaeus